Tschaschina. At the Olympics in Salt Lake City scandal in 2002 with erythropoietin - a hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells - were involved skiers Johann Mühlegg (Spain), as well as Larissa Lazutina and Olga Danilova (Russia). Putter Irina Korzhanenko - antigeroinya Olympic Games in Athens 2004 was disqualified for life, as caught on doping for the second time mildronate. The same penalty had long Korzhanenko rival, world champion Ukrainian Vita Pavlysh, convicted of repeated doping.
In Turin in 2006, the center of the doping scandal was our biathlete Olga Pyleva, devoid of "silver." However, in this case, the story is not entirely clear, since Olga used a drug other than those indicated in the list of banned (possibly to blame for factory-recommend it).
Doping is inextricably linked with the commercialization of sport. The survey among the athletes, spent in the United States, showed how serious this problem is. To the question "Would you agree to take the drug, which in three years will make you an Olympic champion, and in ten years - disabled" 80 percent of respondents answered positively. According to estimates of the IOC doping uses at least one athlete out of ten, but the history of doping controls at the Olympics gave only about 50 positive results.
In the early 1990s, after the unification of Germany, in the archives of the secret services of the former GDR detailed plans were found doping in preparing world-class athletes. According to them, more than 10,000 athletes received banned drugs, and it was part of the government program, sought by all means to prove the GDR advantage over Germany. It was investigated, followed by mass exposure, however, none of the champions trained in the GDR, not caught in a doping control.
According to international statistics, doping is most characteristic of Bodybuilding - Steroids take about 90 percent of the athletes. Then go cycling, swimming, skiing, weightlifting and athletics. Virtually free of doping are considered sports that require a perfect coordination of movements, - figure skating, synchronized swimming, fencing.
Many believe that sports competitions, including the Olympic Games, more and more turning into competitions pharmacists: one looking for ways to detect doping, others compete in the creation of new drugs and the development of application of the scheme, which allows to obtain a high sports results and hide the means to achieve it. With the "success of pharmacology" connect a number of achievements in sport: for example, jump world records in weightlifting heavyweight in the 1970s due to the use of steroids, and a dramatic improvement in the results of long-distance running in the 1990s - the use of erythropoietin.
Doping causes great harm to the health of athletes, but the main problem is considered to be ethical: doping kills the idea of fair competition, underlying the sport and the Olympic movement. That is why a drug called "the plague of the modern sport."
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