Obesity - a disease in which a person has excess fat in the subcutaneous tissue, as well as in other tissues and organs. This pathology is manifested in the increase in body weight due to accumulation of adipose tissue by 20% or more from the average. Obese people suffer from various sexual dysfunctions, psychological, and physiological experiencing discomfort, with time they develop irregularities in the joints, the spinal column and internal organs how to become slim. Excess fat deposits increase the risk of cardiovascular pathologies, diabetes, liver disease and kidney failure. Accordingly, the increased mortality risks. In this connection, obesity requires treatment, which often consists of three components: diet, exercise, psychological support to the patient.
It was found that men suffering from obesity is twice as likely as women. The age at which would increase the risk of excess body weight set is the interval from 30 to 60 years. In the Russian Federation suffering from this disease 30% of people of working age. Are overweight even 25% of the population. The problem of obesity, scientists are concerned about all around the world. WHO experts call it a disease epidemic of our time, which is already affecting millions of people. And at the risk of obesity does not affect a person's social status, ethnicity, gender and age.
Obesity most commonly begins to develop due to the fact that there is an infringement of the normal balance between the energy consumption by the body and the supply of this energy from food. It was established that the main cause of obesity - overeating it. It is in 90% of cases helps to ensure that a person begins to gain weight. The abundance of calories received with food can not be consumed by the body at 100%. Therefore, the surplus turned into fat and deposited in the so-called fat "depot". The acts mainly subcutaneous fat, abdominal wall and internal organs such as the depot.
Over time, increased fat stores, body weight increases, which adversely affects the health of the organism. It is proved that only 5% of cases of obesity causes metabolic disorders.
Provoking factor, which has a direct impact on human food behavior, acts dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system. What she actively works, the higher the rate of production of ACTH and cortisol. Thus growth hormone responsible for fat splitting begins to be produced in smaller quantities. Parallel increases in blood insulin level, impaired absorption of thyroid hormones. All this leads to an increase in appetite and fat deceleration of mastering process.
Depending on where in the fat is deposited, there are three types of obesity. So, if the fat is stored mostly in the upper body, and the figure begins to resemble the shape of an apple, the doctors say about the abdominal type of obesity. This condition is considered very dangerous for the health, as threatens the development of cardiovascular pathologies.
When fat deposits begin to accumulate in the lower body, and the body itself is shaped like a pear, then the experts say about the type of breech-femoral obesity. More often than not so fat is distributed in the female. This type of obesity is dangerous development of varicose veins, venous insufficiency and problems with joints.
With regard to the third type of obesity, it is called mixed. This fat is distributed evenly across the body.
Depending on the type of obesity will vary symptoms. The differences are expressed in the speed with which increases body weight, as well as whether there is a person has problems with the endocrine and nervous systems.
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