Thyroid function with Synthroid
Under the thyroid gland is the body having a small size and is located in the neck. It covers the front and sides of the trachea. Thyroid shaped like a butterfly, it is possible to allocate two lobes, which connects the Isthmus synthroid classification. If her work there is no deviation, no tumor, the body can not be detected by palpation.
The main purpose of the thyroid gland - development of a number of hormones that affect the important processes of life. Their number is regulated by the pituitary gland. He is able to raise or lower the release of hormones into the blood. Violation of the pituitary gland work causes problems with a gland.
What produces thyroid hormones?
Thyroid hormones carries the production of the following, immediately enters the bloodstream:
Calcitonin. This hormone, in contrast to the other is not yodsoderjasim. It depends on its amount of calcium and phosphorus levels in the blood.
Thyroxine. Substances which are derived from it, are called thyroid hormones. Thyroxine affects the metabolism, growth and development especially in the body. Brain cells exposed to oxidative reactions taking place involving the substance. Lack or excess of this hormone can cause complications. Patients whose blood it exceeds the norm, subject to myxedema. By cretinism resulting lack of thyroxin in the early stages of human development. In addition, the substance is in close connection with the production of proteins.
Triiodothyronine. When it deiodinated thyroxine, a hormone released by this. But its formation thus occurs in the liver and kidneys. Thyroid triiodothyronine released in smaller amounts.
All the hormones that are produced by the body are involved in the metabolic process in the human body. In addition, they affect the operation of other systems, including the nervous, digestive tract.
Disorders of the thyroid gland
All the problems with the production of thyroid hormones can be divided into 2 groups:
The first includes those that are related to insufficient release hormones into the blood.
The second type of deviation implies violations emanating from an excess of hormones in the body that causes hyperthyroidism. Under its influence there is an accumulation of toxins in the body. This type of hyperthyroidism is known as hyperthyroidism.
It is closely associated with the following diseases:
Autoimmune thyroiditis in the early stages of development;
Graves 'disease (diffuse toxic goiter or Graves' disease);
Thyroid adenoma (toxic).
If hormones in the thyroid works is allocated is not enough, develops hypothyroidism. The first part of the term refers to the shortage, too little.
Hypothyroidism can be caused by:
Endemic goiter - in this case, the body does not get in the necessary quantities water, iodine from food, the patient is having trouble breathing;
Autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis).
After removal of the thyroid gland in the body stops production of the respective hormones. In addition, it ceases to perform its core functions, also leads several courses thyreostatics reception, congenital abnormalities, organ damage.
Violations of the thyroid manifested in the form of various symptoms. The clinical picture depends on what the patient suffers: hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. To suggest a specific diagnosis can be based on external signs in the patient's behavior.
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